Do Terpenes Matter And Why?
Terpenes matter and must be essential for survival and/or reproduction of the plant life.
The upper fan leaves tend toward producing more insect repellent terpenes such as limonene and pinene.
They can also make the leaves sticky and stop insects from walking over them.
The lower leaves express more b-caryophyllene and humulene, which are bitter and deter herbivores.
The glandular trichomes, the small white blobs that give a frosty coating to the leaves and buds, can have up to 10% terpene content.
However, with processing and drying of buds and extractions to make oils, the terpene content can drop to 1%.
Often, the more volatile mono-terpenes like limonene and pinene are lost first, leaving a relatively higher concentration of b-caryophyllene.
Pharmacologically, it is said that terpene content in the region of 0.05% and above are considered active.
It's been shown that just a terpene odour in the air can change the behaviour of mice, with linalool decreasing mouse activity levels and pinene increasing activity levels.
Limonene smells infused into psychiatric wards have actually been shown to reduce depression scores in in-patients and help reduce anti-depressant doses.
Most terpenes can be readily absorbed across the alveoli of the lungs and into the blood.
Most terpenes are well absorbed topically through the skin.
Some terpenes can be absorbed by the gut and be transported to their site of actions i.e. in the brain without degradation.
There have been a huge number of effects demonstrated by terpenes mostly in the lab and some in-human studies.
Studies range from anti-fungal, anti-biotic, anti inflammatory, anti-tumour, anti-reflux, neuro-protective, and anti-intoxication to name a few, which we’ll explore in the future.
So yes, terpenes are important, although more research is needed.
Thanks for checking out today's episode of '2-Minute Terpene Tutorials'.
Remember to grab yourself a bottle of our terpene and hemp seed oil blend.
You'll be glad you did 😉